Gin is a white grain spirit flavored with juniper berries. It is dry compared to other spirits and is most commonly used in cocktails with sweeter ingredients like tonic water or vermouth to balance this dryness.
London Dry Gin is the most common kind of gin and is used in most mixed drinks.
Old Tom Gin is a sweeter version of London Dry Gin. Simple syrup is used to distinguish this old style of gin from its contemporaries.
Plymouth Gin is a clear, slightly fruity, full-bodied gin that is very aromatic.
Dutch Gin is a lower proof type of gin and is distilled from malted grain mash similar to whiskey.
Sloe Gin is a common, ready-sweetened form of gin that is traditionally made by infusing sloes (the fruit of the blackthorn) in gin.